Market: water and fire
Published:2015-03-17 16:06:52    Text Size:【BIG】【MEDIUM】【SMALL

Data from the Pacific maritime association shows that due to the west coast of the United States port congestion, abnormal international terminal warehouse workers union slacking, container throughput fell by 6% in December last year, 2014 annual growth rate is very low, almost 1% less than.

The data in the Pacific maritime association website, shows that all the major ports in December last year throughput in year-on-year decline, including Los Angeles, long beach, Oakland, Portland and Seattle, tacoma.Southern California port complex is the only container throughput in 2014 year-on-year rise, the throughput accounted for 64% of the total throughput of container on the west coast.The Pacific maritime association data contains only have loading container.

Compared with other major U.S. ports, such as New York, New Jersey, Virginia, Houston, savannah and Charleston, west coast port container throughput performance is disappointing, failed to live up to the U.S. economic recovery to bring the good chance.Although two-thirds of the U.S. population lives in the east, the west coast is always an important portal of Asia to the United States imports, across the United States more than half of container throughput is concentrated in the west coast ports.In recent years, market share continue to slow down, to around 47%.

Piers JOC group global business intelligence company released full-year figures in 2014.Data show that port congestion and the Pacific maritime association and the American wharf warehouse workers union almost nine months contract dispute to hit the west coast ports.In late October, terminal warehouse workers union slacking, force the container to the east coast and the gulf of Mexico ports, even Canada’s Pacific coast port.

In 2014, New York, New Jersey port container throughput at a record high, up 5.4% from a year earlier.The port throughput about 30% of the total throughput of the east coast of America.Join a container terminal and railway transport system of the Express Rail also set a record, 2014 volumes increased by 9.3% in 2013.This means that the New York - New Jersey port handling more intermodal container shipped to the inland city, many of which may be originally shipped to west coast ports.

Also hit a record 2014 Virginia port, container throughput increased by 7.6% over 2013.Last December, container traffic jumped by 12.3% year-on-year.In 2014, up 12% on the Charleston port container throughput, particularly strong in December, 14% year-on-year growth.The port of savannah, rose 10.2% year-on-year.For American ports, December is usually mild in savannah port has ushered in a busy season, container throughput surged 18%.Also, Houston port container throughput is one year is up 4.5% from a year earlier.

Los Angeles - long beach is the west coast of the United States in the whole year of 2014 in the portal only grow.Container throughput up 2% from 2013.Auckland port, the port of Portland and Seattle, tacoma port throughput by 1%, 13% and 1% respectively.

Port complex of southern California on the west coast of the market share gradually increase, because the liner companies used on north American routes to southern California’s biggest container ship.To fill those super large capacity up to 14000 20 feet container ships, shipping companies have to try to lower freight.BNSF railway companies in the United States and the union Pacific railroad, west rail operator, has increased the trains run every week, and greatly reduce from Los Angeles, long beach intermodal service price, to increase the density of driving.

In Oakland, California, as the central valley of agriculture in prime locations, exports is greater than imports.Last year, however, due to the weak economic growth China, Japan and the European Union, the United States as a whole export poorly.In recent years, because from the greater vancouver port, port of prince rupert, and intensity of competition in British Columbia, the port of Seattle, tacoma lost market share.Although ports to accommodate large container ship in the Pacific northwest, but liner companies in the region to deploy more capacity than in southern California, because not enough populous in northwest region.

Over the past two years, the international port wharf warehouse workers union and the Philippines giant international container terminal services company (ICTSI) into a protracted dispute, seriously affected the normal Portland port of the business.ICTSI is responsible for container terminal operation Portland port only.In May 2012, the company says the average crane loading and unloading of 24.8 hours per container, due to labor disputes dropped to only a dozen, after more than two years have failed to return to previous levels.In the fourth quarter of 2014, productivity per hour average loading and unloading of 13.2.ICTSI said in 2014, during the festival, Portland port of 36 cases happened in the international terminal warehouse workers union shutdown or go-slow event.

West coast port congestion since the summer of last year is emerging, but the Pacific maritime association, said in late October the dockers slacking, cause congestion worsen sharply.On July 1, 2014 a contract expires, the international terminal warehouse workers have been working under the conditions of no contract.Until this year on January 6, both sides of Labour and capital under the federal mediator mediation begin to negotiate in San Francisco.A few days ago, the Pacific maritime association and the international terminal warehouse workers union finally reached an agreement, the spanish-american ports dispute then came to an end.

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